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This requires the applicant to not only prove they own the domain name they wish secure, but also prove that their company is registered and legally accountable as a business.
The issued certificate is then proof of domain and company name.
When you buy an 'SSL' certificate from Symantec, you can of course use it with both SSL and TLS protocols.
As well as encryption, Certificate Authorities (CAs) can also authenticate the identity of the owner of a website, adding another layer of security.
So underneath the SSL layer, the other protocol layers are able to function as normal.
If an SSL certificate is being used correctly, all an attacker will be able to see is which IP and port is connected and roughly how much data is being sent.
This extra company information is then represented in the issued certificate on the address bar and can be accessed from many web browsers by clicking on the padlock icon.
Certificates can be divided into three authentication groups, based on the level of authentication, which are: These require businesses to prove their control over just the domain name.
This type of certificates is also available to organizations and businesses only.
The basic principle is that when you install an SSL certificate on your server and a browser connects to it, the presence of the SSL certificate triggers the SSL (or TLS) protocol, which will encrypt information sent between the server and the browser (or between servers); the details are obviously a little more complicated.
SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer and, in short, it's the standard technology for keeping an internet connection secure and safeguarding any sensitive data that is being sent between two systems, preventing criminals from reading and modifying any information transferred, including potential personal details.
The two systems can be a server and a client (for example, a shopping website and browser) or server to server (for example, an application with personal identifiable information or with payroll information).
Transport Layer Security (TLS) is the successor protocol to SSL. It works in much the same way as the SSL, using encryption to protect the transfer of data and information.